An Instance of the Fingerpost
by Iain Pears
Reviewed by Margaret Donsbach
"When in a Search of any Nature the Understanding stands suspended," wrote Francis Bacon, "then Instances of the Fingerpost shew the true and inviolable Way in which the Question is to be decided." It's a clue that of the four successive narrators of the long, devilishly intricate An Instance of the Fingerpost, one may be less unreliable than the others.
A Venetian traveler, seemingly brimming with openness and wide-eyed enthusiasm for scientific research, opens the narrative and introduces readers to Oxford in 1663. It's a cut-throat academic world: scientists compete for discoveries; canons compete for office. Three years since Charles II was restored to the throne, many are eager to forget two decades of chaotic warfare between Crown and Parliament; others are obsessed with remembering, seeking to impose order on the past by exposing the guilty and/or vindicating the condemned.
Amid a cast of gentlemen high in self-regard, a servant woman shines at the story's center. When the narrators condemn her for not submitting to their authority, their bias becomes evident. Their unreliability on other matters leads readers on a wild (if not speedy) ride of surprise revelations, as each narrator adds new layers of detail and meaning to the previous narrator's tale (a steel-trap memory would be helpful in keeping everything straight).
Sarah Blundy introduces us to the class which hoped Cromwell's revolution would establish equality for all people, "making the earth a common treasury for all." Those with the power to destroy and raise up governments could not tolerate such hopes: "If anyone can achieve power, then all will try, and government becomes a mere battle in which principle is sacrificed for interest. The lowest will impose themselves, for the best will shun the gutter." Despite strongly held religious differences, the Catholic Venetian and the Protestant English gentlemen share a belief in the divide between "lowest" and "highest." Sarah, one of those "lowest," serves as the fingerpost to a less orthodox, more Christlike religious perspective. (1998, 691 pages including a "Dramatis Personae" with information about the major historical and fictional characters)
More about An Instance of the Fingerpost at Powell's Books
Other historical novels with an Oxford connection:
Falconer's Crusade by Ian Morson (1994), a mystery featuring an Oxford professor in 1264 who investigates the murder of a servant girl; #1 in the Medieval Oxford Mystery series. More info
The Mark of a Murderer by Susanna Gregory (2005), a mystery featuring a 14th century Cambridge physician who investigates murders following a riot in Oxford; #11 in the Chronicles of Matthew Bartholomew series.
A Sparkle from the Coal by Prudence Andrew (1965), about a fourteenth century Oxford student who abandons his education to become a Christian hermit. More info
Owen Glendower by John Cowper Powys (1940), about a young Oxford scholar whose fate becomes entangled with that of Owen Glendower on the eve of the Welsh rebellion against England. More info
Nonfiction about seventeenth-century Oxford and scientific advances:
Blood Work by Holly Tucker (2011), about the first blood transfusion experiments in seventeenth-century France and England. More info
Oxford in the Age of John Locke by W.N. Hargreaves-Mawdsley (1973). More info
The Aspiring Adept: Robert Boyle and His Alchemical Quest by Lawrence Principe (1998). More info
A biographical sketch of Robert Boyle at the University College, Cork, website
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